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Rishon Mekor Hayyim, R. Hayyim Krochmal, Fuerth 1697

ראשון מקור חיים - Only Edition

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Details
  • Lot Number 52366
  • Title (English) Rishon Mekor Hayyim
  • Title (Hebrew) ראשון מקור חיים
  • Note Only Edition
  • Author R. Hayyim Krochmal
  • City Fuerth
  • Publisher Joseph ben Zalman Schneur
  • Publication Date 1697
  • Estimated Price - Low 300
  • Estimated Price - High 600

  • Item # 2164737
  • End Date
  • Start Date
Description

Physical Description:

Only edition. 98 ff. quarto, 181:153 mm., light age and damp staining, nice margins. A very good copy bound in contemporary boards, rubbed and taped.

Signed in 18-19th century script by:

מענדל ראזענבוים

הק? זעליגמן בן הר"ר גרשון מאבלשבך?

שמעון בר אברהם כץ מעלשמן

 

Detailed Description:   

Only edition of these homilies on the Megillot and the Early and Later Prophets by R. Hayyim Krochmal (1626-66). R. Krochmal, the son-in-law of R. Abraham Chemiesch of Cracow, was a well known darshan (preacher) and Torah scholar. He spoke in the Cracow synagogues on Shabbat and erev Rosh Hodesh for many years, his eloquence being noted in several of the approbations to Rishon Mekor Hayyyim. The book was published posthumously, approximately forty years after Krochmals’ death, by his daughter’s son, R. Jehiel ben Judah Leib Krochmal. The title page of Rishon Mekor Hayyyim, also known as Mekor Hayyim, states that it is “Built upon the Talmud and midrashim, with sharpness and expertise, sweet to the palate and desirable to the eyes, quenching thirst for באנ"ך [Torah, Prophets, and Writings], and “every one who thirsts, come to the waters” (cf. Isaiah 55:1) of life. Attractive literal interpretations, pleasant, “right, and rejoicing the heart, enlightening the eyes” (cf. Psalms 19:9). . . . In, “to guard the way of the tree of life דרך עץ החיים (457 = 1697)” (Genesis 3:24).”

The title page is followed by the approbations, signed by thirteen rabbis, and then Jehiel ben Judah Leib’s introduction. He writes that Krochmal has preached for many years, his words “sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb” (Psalms 19:11). Jehiel provides personal information, informing that his grandfather died at a young age, leaving only his mother who bore ten children who did not survive, and that he had a younger brother, “a first class adversary בכור שטן (Yevamot 16a) of great acuity, named after his grandfather, who also died at an early age in a plague. In place of his father, also deceased, he determined to publish this book. It was necessary to select “the edible from within the” (Shabbat 74a) edible אוכל מתוך אוכל and that in order to bring the book to press he had at times he had to condense and at times to expand on the text, for the writing was old, not always clear, blackened as with smoke, and the paper was blurred in places and with erasures. He has noted his modifications with (). The text follows in two columns in rabbinic type. Rishon Mekor Hayyyim encompasses the five Megillot and the Prophets, excepting Joel, Nahum, Zephaniah, and Haggai. There is a liberal use of florets, all initial words of books being set in a frame with the same florets as appear on the title page, excepting a small use of acorns, and Habakkuk, which has no such border. Rows of florets also appear after the introduction and at the end about the editor’s apologia and at the bottom of the page.

 

Hebrew Description:

... אשר תקן ועשה... ע"פ הש"ס ומדרשים... פשטים [על חמש מגילות ונביאים]... הדרשן... המנוח... ר' חיים קראכמאל חתן ר' אברהם חיימש מקראקא... שהאיר [!] ה' את... בן בתו... ר' יחיאל במהר"ר (יהודא) ליב קראכמל ז"ל חתן ר' יחזקאל פקשר מפוזנן... וטרם ופעל [לסדר את הספר לדפוס, בתוספת הערות משלו]... לפרט לשמור את ד'ר'ך' ע'ץ' ה'ח'י'י'ם'

מתוך הקדמת בן בתו של המחבר: והוכרחתי לברר אוכל מתוך אוכל... פעמים לקצר ופעמים להאריך. ואף גם הי' כתב ישן נושן... מטושטש ונמחק... לפי קט שכלי הגהתי... בין ב' חצאי לבנה...

הסכמות: ר' אברהם ב"ר יודא [ברלין], הלברשטאט, יז אדר-ב תנ"ו; ר' יהודא ליב ב"ר שלמה מפראג, פילא, טז אדר תנ"ה; ר' שמעיה ב"ר אברהם יששכר בער אב"ד "ברלין והמדינה מרק וכותב פה ביומא דשוקא יריד פרנקפורט דאדר", שושן-פורים [טו אדר] תנ"ה; ר' יוסף שמואל ב"ר צבי הירש מקראקא, פרנקפורט דמיין, כד ניסן תנ"ו; ר' יששכר בערמן ב"ר דוד יצחק זעקיל סג"ל [פרנקל], פירדא; ר' נפתלי ב"ר יצחק כ"ץ, פוזנן, ראש-חודש ניסן תנ"ה; דייני קראקא "כת ראשונה המכונים בשם דייני הגבוהים": ר' יעקב מרדכי ב"ר שמעון הנקרא ר' מרדכי דייכש, ר' חיים ב"ר אלכסנדר, ר' יצחק ב"ר אשר אנשיל מפראג חתן ר' בעריש, ר' בנימין זאב סג"ל הנק[רא] ר' וואלף סירקלש, ר' אלי' ב"ר אהרן מרגליות חתן ר' שלמה ר' אייזק ר' יעקליס ור' פינחס ב"ר שמעון וואלף [אוירבאך] חתן ר' שמואל ר"ח [ר' חיים] ישעיש, כד טבת תנ"ה; ר' שמואל ב"ר אברהם ר' מאשילש, קראקא, כו טבת תנ"ה.

 

References:

Heller, 17th Cent. Book; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000165084