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Shulhan Arba, R. Bahya b. Asher ibn Hlava, Zhitimor 1856

שולחן ארבע - Kabbalah

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  • Lot Number 52863
  • Title (English) Shulhan Arba
  • Title (Hebrew) שולחן ארבע
  • Note Kabbalah
  • Author R. Bahya b. Asher ibn Hlava
  • City Zhitimor
  • Publisher דפוס האחים שפירא
  • Publication Date 1856
  • Estimated Price - Low 1,000
  • Estimated Price - High 3,000

  • Item # 2261326
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description

56, 58-64 pp., 16mo., 138:100 mm., light age staining, nice margins. A very good copy bound in modern full leather over boards, tooled in blind.


Detail Description

Laws and customs pertaining to the meal - human and in the world to come.

R. Bahya b. Asher ibn Hlava (13th century), exegete, preacher, and kabbalist. His great commentary on the Pentateuch (Naples, 1492) was written in 1291. According to tradition, he lived in Saragossa and served there as dayyan and preacher. He was a disciple of R. Solomon b. Abraham Adret, whom he called "my master," whenever he quoted from his commentaries. Curiously enough, R. Bahya mentions neither his teacher's kabbalistic sayings nor his commentaries on the mystical teachings of Nahmanides as did R. Solomon b. Adret's other disciples. There are also kabbalistic matters quoted anonymously by Bahya which are attributed to R. Solomon b. Adret by other authors.


In 1847 the Shapira printing press was established by the three brothers Hanina Lipa, Aryeh Leib, and Joshua Heschel Shapira, sons of R. Samuel Abraham Abba Shapira, the printer in Slavuta. Until 1862 this was one of the only two Hebrew presses the Russian government permitted to operate in the whole of Russia, the other being in Vilna. This press had 18 hand presses and four additional large presses. In 1851 Aryeh Leib broke away and established his own printing press in Zhitomir. In these two establishments only sacred books of every kind were printed.



Hebrew Description

 זה השלחן אשר לפני ה'. בן אדם מורכב מארבע. לך נא ולחם לחמי ושבע. הסכת ושמע חיים אבע. בם תתבונן אהל תקבע. לא יחקור בם רק איש ידע. לשוט לא סכל פן יטבע. כשחר אורך יבקע. מספר שלחן של ארבע ...

כולל ארבעה "שערים": "השער הראשון בביאור הברכות המחויבות על האדם לברך על השלחן ושאר חייובי השלחן. השער השני בביאור איכות האכילה מה שהיא ושיתכוין בה האדם אל התכלית הראוי ... השער השלישי בביאור המוסר ודרך ארץ שיתחייב האדם להתנהג בו על השלחן. השער הרביעי בביאור הסעודה המתוקנת לצדיקים לעתיד לבוא"



Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 000122030 ; EJ