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Shelomo ha-Malkhut, R. Moses ha-Kohen Eisen, Lemberg 1851

שלומה של מלכות - First Edition - Francis Joseph I

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  • Lot Number 53204
  • Title (English) Shelomo ha-Malkhut
  • Title (Hebrew) שלומה של מלכות
  • Note First Edition - Francis Joseph I
  • Author R. Moses ha-Kohen Eisen
  • City Lemberg
  • Publisher Michael F. Poremba
  • Publication Date 1851
  • Estimated Price - Low 200
  • Estimated Price - High 500

  • Item # 2336924
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description

First edition. [5] ff. octavo 215:175 mm., upper and outer margins trimmed affecting letters, not bound.   


Detail Description

First edition of this discourse in honor of Kaiser Franz Joseph by R. Moses ha-Kohen Eisen (c. 1810-c.1860). The title page is dated January 28, 1851. Shelomo ha-Malkhut is in opposition to those who would rebel against the Kaiser. Shelomo ha-Malkhut was reprinted once, later in 1851. R. Eisen received letters of gratitude for this work from non-JewsR. Moses ha-Kohen Eisen (1810-60) was a descendant of R. Shabbetai ben Meir ha-Kohen (Shakh, 1621-62). A resident of Tarnapol, R. Eisen was also the author of discourses on the Torah and on emunah. The title page of this work expresses his prayer that those works too will be published but it appears that they were not printed.

Francis Joseph I of Hapsburg (1830–1916) reigned as emperor of Austria from 1848–1916. During his long reign he won popularity among all strata of Jewry in his empire and abroad. When he died the executive of the Austrian Zionists credited him with the betterment of the lot of the Jews in the empire, describing him as the "donor of civil rights and equality before the law, and their ever benevolent protector" (Blochs Wochenschrift, 33 (1916), 784). Antisemites nicknamed him "Judenkaiser." The Jewish masses referred to him as הקיררה (ha-keisar, yarum hodo: "the emperor, may his Majesty be exalted"), and many folklorist tales were told of him, among them that the prophet Elijah had promised him a long life. The synagogues were always full for the services held on his birthday, which were also attended by gentile dignitaries. Francis Joseph appreciated the role of the Jews as a sector of the population both devoted to and dependent on the monarchy at a time of growing internal national tensions. On the question of Jewish emancipation he assented to the liberal attitude of the 1848 Revolution. In 1849 he granted the long-withheld recognition to the Vienna community simply by addressing its delegation as its representative (A.F. Pribram (ed.), Urkunden und Akten …, 2 (1918), 549). He intervened on behalf of the Jewish side in the Mortara case. Francis Joseph signed the decree canceling restrictions on Jewish occupations and ownership of real estate (1860), and the Fundamental Law, which made Jews full citizens of the state (1867). In 1869 he met Jewish representatives in Jerusalem and gave a contribution to enable completion of the Nisan Bak Synagogue (Tiferet Yisrael). When visiting synagogues and other Jewish institutions he would assure Jews of his favor and praise their virtues, such as their devotion to family life and charity. He several times expressed his dislike of antisemitism, and in the Lower Austrian Diet called attacks on Jewish physicians a "scandal and disgrace in the eyes of the world" (1892). He twice refused to confirm the antisemite Karl Lueger as mayor of Vienna, and on the day he finally did so conferred an order on Moritz Guedemann, the chief rabbi of Vienna. He ennobled 20 Jews during his reign. After World War I many Jews of the former Hapsburg dominions looked back nostalgically to the reign of Francis Joseph as a golden age.


Hebrew Description

 דרוש נחמד בשלומה של מלכות חיברו הרב ... מוהר"ר משה כהן נכד הש"ך החונה לע"ע בק"ק טרניפאל ... בשנת ה'ב'ו' כ'ב'ו'ד' ל'א'ד'ו'נ'י'נ'ו' מ'ל'ך' צ'ד'י'ק' ו'ג'ד'ל' ח'ס'ד' 



EJ; Wunder, Galicia 1:102; Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000109318