Oesterreichs Perle, Festgedicht, Joseph Kohn-Zedek, Lemberg 1854
מבחר הפנינים - Only Edition - No copy Austrian libraries or other collections
- Lot Number 53416
- Title (English) Oesterreichs Perle, Festgedicht, Kaiser Franz Joseph I
- Title (Hebrew) מבחר הפנינים
- Note No copy Austrian libraries or other major collections.
- Author Joseph Kohn-Zedek
- City Lemberg
- Publisher C. Winiarz
- Publication Date 1854
- Estimated Price - Low 600
- Estimated Price - High 1,000
- Item # 2388386
- End Date
- Start Date
Only edition. pp., quarto, 255:205 mm., light age staining, nice margins, creased on folds, blue ink. A good copy bound in modern cloth over boards.
Poem in honor of the wedding of Kaiser Franz Joseph I and Queen Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie of Bavaria.
Kaiser Franz Joseph I (1830-1916, Emperor from 1848 until 1916), son of the Austrian Archduke Franz Karl and the Bavarian Princess Sophie, and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany in World War I.
Franz Joseph became Austro-Hungarian Emperor in 1848 after the abdication of his uncle Emperor Ferdinand I. In 1854 Franz Joseph married Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria (also Princess of Bavaria through her mother's side of the family), who became Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi" or "Sissi"). Their only son, Crown Prince Rudolf, committed suicide in 1889 in the famous Mayerling episode with his young mistress Baroness Marie Vetsera. Rudolf's killing of the Baroness Vetsera was an extremely grim chapter in the long line of outbreaks of mental instability in the Hapsburg Dynasty caused by their long history of inbreeding.
Franz Joseph took firm moral stands. When Pope Pius IX detained the six year old Jewish boy Edgardo Mortara on account of the claim that a housekeeper had secretly baptized him, Emperor Franz Joseph sent the Pope a plea to return the child to his parents. The Pope refused his request. During his long reign he won popularity among all strata of Jewry in his empire and abroad. Anti-Semites nicknamed him "Judenkaiser." The Jewish masses referred to him as h"rych (ha-keisar, yarum hodo: "the emperor, may his Majesty be exalted"), and many folklorist tales were told of him, among them that the prophet Elijah had promised him a long life. The synagogues were always full for the services held on his birthday, which were also attended by gentile dignitaries. Franz Joseph appreciated the role of the Jews as a sector of the population both devoted to and dependent on the monarchy at a time of growing internal national tensions. On the question of Jewish emancipation he assented to the liberal attitude of the 1848 Revolution. In 1849 he granted the long-withheld recognition to the Vienna community simply by addressing its delegation as its representative (A. F. Pribram (ed.), Urkunden und Akten..., 2 (1918), 549). Francis Joseph signed the decree canceling restrictions on Jewish occupations and ownership of real estate (1860), and the Fundamental Law, which made Jews full citizens of the state (1867). In 1869 he met Jewish representatives in Jerusalem and gave a contribution to enable completion of the Nisan Bak Synagogue (Tiferet Yisrael). When visiting synagogues and other Jewish institutions he would assure Jews of his favor and praise their virtues, such as their devotion to family life and charity. He several times expressed his dislike of anti-Semitism, and in the Lower Austrian Diet called attacks on Jewish physicians a "scandal and disgrace in the eyes of the world" (1892). He twice refused to confirm the anti-Semite Karl Lueger as mayor of Vienna, and on the day he finally did so conferred an order on Moritz Guedemann, the chief rabbi of Vienna. He ennobled 20 Jews during his reign. After World War I many Jews of the former Hapsburg dominions looked back nostalgically to the reign of Franz Joseph as a golden age.
R. Joseph Kohn-Zedek (1827–1903), Hebrew poet, writer, and publicist. Kohen-Zedek, who was born in Lvov, studied rabbinics with Solomon Kluger in Brody and S. J. Nathanson in Lvov. He first engaged - unsuccessfully - in business and then turned to literature and journalism. He published a number of collections of his patriotic poetry in honor of the Austro-Hungarian emperor - from whom he received a gold medal for art and science in 1851 - and an anthology of contemporary poetry dedicated to Moses Montefiore, Neveh Kehillah (1864). Kohen-Zedek edited a number of more or less short-lived Hebrew periodicals: Meged Yerahim (4 issues, 1855–59), Ozar Hokhmah (3 issues, 1859–65), Ha-Yehudi ha-Nizhi (4 issues, 1866), and Or Torah (4 issues, 1874). His weekly Ha-Mevasser, which included a literary supplement, Ha-Nesher, was the first Hebrew paper in Galicia (1861–66); some of the best Hebrew writers and scholars contributed to it. He himself wrote in a lively and original melizah style. Following a dispute with one of his associates which led to a denunciation, Kohen-Zedek had to leave Austria in 1868. He went first to Frankfort on the Main, and in 1875 to London, where he served as preacher to immigrant congregations. In London he wrote a number of mainly homiletic works, including Elef Alfin, a thousand-word eulogy on Chief Rabbi Nathan Adler, each word beginning with alef. Of some scholarly importance are his Sefat Emet (1879), a polemic against Michael Rodkinson; Divrei ha-Yamim le-Malkhei Zarefat (1859), an edition of Joseph ha-Kohen's chronicle with Kohen-Zedek's introduction; and Even Bohan (1865), an annotated edition of Kalonymus b. Kalonymus' satirical work. His Biographical Sketches of Eminent Jewish Families (1897) is in English. Kohen-Zedek maintained a lively correspondence with the leading rabbis and scholars of his time. He has been called "the last publicist of the Galician Haskalah."
ראינו צילום השער בלבד. מספר העמודים לפי קטלוג "תערוכה של ספרי תפילות זמניות נדירים" מאוסף אליהו אמסעל, ניו יארק תשנ"ז, עמ' 54-53.
והמנחה הובא בידי יהודי יוסף כהן צדק לפ"ק
Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000315483 (Based on private copy - No copy NLI)