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Minhat ha-Zevah, R. Moses Aaron ben Isaac ha-Kohen, Warsaw 1858

מנחת הזבח - First Edition

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Details
  • Lot Number 54220
  • Title (English) Minhat ha-Zevah
  • Title (Hebrew) מנחת הזבח
  • Note First Edition
  • Author R. Moses Aaron ben Isaac ha-Kohen
  • City Warsaw
  • Publisher Zevi Jacob Bamberg
  • Publication Date 1858
  • Estimated Price - Low 200
  • Estimated Price - High 500

  • Item # 2560326
  • End Date
  • Start Date
Description

Physical Description

First edition. [6], 39, [2], 57, 30 ff. quarto 255:185 mm., wide margins, stamps, age and damp staining. A good copy bound in later cloth boards.

 

Detail Description

First edition of this comprehensive work on Shehitot u-Vedikot (laws of ritual slaughter) and all halakhot by R. Moses Aaron ben Isaac ha-Kohen. The text is based on the work of earlier authorities such as the Peri Magadim, Levushei Sarid, and Bet Ephraim, as well as later sages such as Ha-Hokhmat Adam, Derekh Hayyim, Me’irot Enayim, Azei Levonah, Pithei Teshuvah, and numerous other like works. The title page is dated הוא משה ואהרן. There are approbations signed by twenty-two rabbis, attesting to R. Moses Aaron’s knowledge and expertise. Next is a loist of the individuals, organized by location, who helped finance publication, four prefaces, a list of the kellim of shehita, and then the text. Minhat ha-Zevah is n two columns, the outer the kellaim, the inner the very detailed explanation. The first part of Minhat ha-Zevah is on shehitah, the second part on trefus.<p>Shehitah is the Jewish method of slaughtering permitted animals or birds for food. The underlying principle of the procedure is to kill the animal in the swiftest and most painless way possible by cutting horizontally across the throat, severing the trachea (windpipe), the esophagus, the jugular veins, and the carotid arteries. The knife is drawn across the throat of the animal in one or more swift, uninterrupted movements. In the case of animals most of the trachea and esophagus must be severed, while with birds it is sufficient to sever the largest part of either one. In the first instance, however, both are severed even in birds. "Then thou shalt kill of thy herd and of thy flock which the Lord hath given thee, as I have commanded thee" (Deut. 12:21) is the Pentateuchal basis of shehitah. Maimonides lists shehitah among the 613 commandments (Sefer ha-Mitzvot, 146) and rabbinic authorities state (Hul. 28a): "Moses was instructed concerning the rules of shehitah." Aftrer shehitah is the responsibility of the shohet to carry carry out an examination (bedikah). Should a defect be found in some of the organs, such as the brain, the windpipe, the esophagus, the heart, the lungs, or the intestines, the animal is terefah, and forbidden for consumption. Defects are normally classified under eight categories (Hul. 43a): nekuvah, perforated organ walls; pesukah, split pipes; netulah, missing limbs; haserah, missing or defective organs; keru'ah, torn walls or membrane covers or organs; derusah, a poisonous substance introduced into the body, when mauled by a wild animal; nefulah, shattering by a fall; shevurah, broken or fractured bones. It is assumed in the Talmud that any of these defects would lead to the death of the animal within one year (Hul. 3:1). Only if the animal has none of these injuries, is it pronounced kasher. After shehitah, it is suspended head down, so that as much blood as possible may drain.<p>Should various sections of the animal have been removed before the bedikah has taken place, the animal is usually considered kasher. This rule is based on the fact that the majority of animals are usually found, after bedikah, to be kasher (Hul. lla–b). This rule, however, does not apply if the lung has been removed. Since a large minority of animals do suffer from lung diseases, that portion of the body must always be examined and if that is impossible the animal is considered terefah. Shehitah and bedikah of poultry is carried out in the same careful manner. The same laws of terefah apply but there is no need for examination except of the intestines. There are no specific rules concerning the method in which permitted fish are to be killed.

 

Hebrew Description

עם שער-סדרה: אלומי יוסף, Dritter Theil. Hebraeisches Lesebuch. Erste Abteilung...  ליקוטים מהתנ"ך. 

בראש הספר הקדמה ותוכן, שניהם בגרמנית.  בסוף הספר שבעה פרקי תהלים (א-ד, קא, קי, קיא) עם פירוש ר' דוד קמחי. 

ההוצאה הראשונה: Main am Frankfurt 1820. בהוצאה הנוכחית הוספות והשמטות שונות.

Reference

Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000149760; BE mem 2316; EJ