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Nir David, Shalom ben Jacob Cohen, Vienna 1834

ניר דוד - Only Edition

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  • Lot Number 54227
  • Title (English) Nir David
  • Title (Hebrew) ניר דוד
  • Note Only Edition
  • Author Shalom ben Jacob Cohen
  • City Vienna
  • Publisher Anton Schmid
  • Publication Date 1834
  • Estimated Price - Low 200
  • Estimated Price - High 500

  • Item # 2561388
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description

Only edition, octavo, [3], 205 (numbered 209-298) pp.160:120 mm., wide margins, age staining, ex-lib markings. A good copy bound in recent boards, rubbed.


Detail Description

Only edition of this commentary on the book of Psalms by Shalom ben Jacob Cohen. The title-page describes Nir David as beautiful crowns for the gaon of our strength and ascribes authorship to David ben Yishai king of Israel. A half title-page describes it as the third part comprised of five songs from the day that David was anointed king on the house of Judah until he stumbled with the incident of Bath Sheva. Despite the comment that it is the fifth book there is no record of any other part of Nir David having ever been published. The text begins with verses from Psalms and expands upon them. Nir David has been described as Shalom’s poetic work, a description of the life of King David, one of the first romantic works in Hebrew literature.

Shalom ben Jacob Cohen (1772–1845) was a Hebrew writer, poet, and editor. Born in Mezhirech, Poland, he studied German and read the new Hebrew literature, particularly Ha-Me'assef . His first book, Mishlei Agur (1799), was a collection of Hebrew fables in rhyme, with German translation, aimed at teaching Jewish children simple and clear Hebrew. Cohen went to Berlin in 1789 and taught in the Ḥinnukh Ne'arim school and in private homes. After the publication of several works he renewed the publication of Ha-Me'assef and served as its editor (1809–11). In 1813 Cohen left Germany, spent a short period in Amsterdam, and moved to London where he tried unsuccessfully to establish a Jewish school. In London, in 1815, he printed his catechism, Shorshei Emunah (with an English translation by Joshua van Oven), in which he stressed the divinity of the Written and Oral Law and its immutability. From London, Cohen moved to Hamburg (1816 or 1817), where he spent three controversy-laden years. In a posthumously published poem he attacked the hypocrisy of the "reformists" for their lack of religious belief and national feelings and considered the establishment of the Reform temple in Hamburg an act of blasphemy. However, he refrained from public intervention on this controversy. In 1820 Cohen was invited by Anton Schmid to serve as head proofreader in the Hebrew section of his printing press in Vienna where he remained for 16 years. In 1821 Cohen established the annual Bikkurei ha-Ittim , three issues of which appeared under his editorship In 1836 Cohen returned to Hamburg, where he lived until his death. His last extensive work was Kore ha-Dorot, a history of the Jewish people (1838). His other works include: Matta'ei Kedem al Admat Ẓafon (1807), poetry; Amal ve-Tirẓah (1812), a utopian drama, a sequel to M.Ḥ. Luzzatto's La-Yesharim Tehillah; and Ketav Yosher (1820), a literary miscellany.


Hebrew Description

 שירי תפארת... דוד בן ישי מלך ישראל... מספרים נפלאות חייו, יראת אלהיו, ועזוז גבורותיו ונגינותיו, בעשרים שירים, מאת שלום הכהן... (מחברת א-ד).

לכל מחברת נוסף שער קצר.

ג: מיום המשח דוד למלך על בית יהודה עד הכשלו בחטא בת שבע.

חיקוי של "שירי תפארת" של נפתלי הירץ וויזל, ברלין תקמ"ט. עיין: יוסף קלוזנר, היסטוריה של הספרות העברית החדשה, כרך א, ירושלים תשי"ב, עמ’ 284-286.



Bibliography of the Hebrew Book 1470-1960 #000140832; BE nun 470; EJ