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Image of R. Ephraim ben Israel Alnaqua, North Africa 20th century

תמונת הרה"ג אפרים אנאקווא זיע"א - Kabbalah

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  • Lot Number 54267
  • Title (English) Image of R. Ephraim ben Israel Alnaqua
  • Title (Hebrew) תמונת הרה"ג אפרים אנאקווא זיע"א
  • Note Kabbalah
  • City North Africa
  • Publication Date 19th Century
  • Estimated Price - Low 300
  • Estimated Price - High 600

  • Item # 2571157
  • End Date
  • Start Date

Physical Description

[1] p., 190:135 mm., light age staining, green ink on board, taped on fold.


Detail Description

R. Ephraim ben Israel Alnaqua (1359–1442)  was a physician, rabbi, theological writer, and founder of the Jewish community at Tlemçen (Algeria), where he died in 1442. According to a legend, R. Alnaqua escaped from the Spanish Inquisition, which had martyred his father (R. Israel Ben Joseph) and mother at the stake, and came to Tlemcen mounted on a lion, using a serpent as a halter. R. Azulai refers to him as a miracle worker. R. Alnaqua succeeded, after all, other physicians had failed, in curing the only daughter of a king of the Zayyanid dynasty. Refusing the reward of gold and silver offered him by the king, he begged only that the Jews living near Tlemçen might be united in it. In this way, the community was formed. R. Alnaqua's first care was to establish a large synagogue: this is still in existence, and bears his name. Above the rabbi's chair, on which the verse Jer. xvii.12 is engraved, a lamp burns perpetually. R. Alnaqua's grave, surrounded by those of his family, is in the old cemetery: it is sacred to North African Jews, and is frequently visited but is currently closed by pilgrims from all Algeria.


Hebrew Description